IBRI RESEARCH PUBLISHED: Enzyme Immunoassay-Based Platform for Accurate Detection of Serum Pathological a-Synuclein in Parkinson’s Disease Patients
November 16, 2020
An assay for accurately diagnosing early stage Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is currently unavailable, and therefore, there is an urgent and unmet need. Such a diagnostic assay will enable prompt institution of appropriate supportive management measures to prevent rapid deterioration of disease and improve both quality of life and life expectancy of PD patients. A reliable assay platform will also be of great benefit to drug discovery and drug development in the area of PD.
To this end, we describe the development of two indirect, competitive, semiquantitative enzyme immunoassays (EIAs), each employing a disparate singularly specific mouse monoclonal antibody (ssMAb) against pathological aggregates of human α-Synuclein (αSynagg), a well-established biomarker pathognomonic of PD.
Our results demonstrate that these EIAs in tandem accurately discriminated between αSynagg serum concentrations from PD patients and age-matched healthy control (HC) individuals (PD = 1700 ± 220 ng/mL; HC = 870 ± 120 ng/mL with an overall sensitivity of 56%, specificity of 63%, positive predictive value of 60%, and negative predictive value of 59%). The limits of detection of αSynagg were 400 and 300 pg/mL for ssMAbs 3C5 and 5H6, respectively. These tandem EIAs have the potential to add to the repertoire of tools for earlier diagnosis of this debilitating disorder, as well as for drug development strategies.
To read the complete research article, go to ACS Chemical Neuroscience.