IBRI RESEARCH PUBLISHED: SUMOylation, a multifaceted regulatory mechanism in the pancreatic beta cells
April 21, 2020
SUMOylation is an evolutionarily conserved post-translational modification (PTM) that regulates protein subcellular localization, stability, conformation, transcription and enzymatic activity. Recent studies indicate that SUMOylation plays a key role in insulin gene expression, glucose metabolism and insulin exocytosis under physiological conditions in the pancreatic beta cells.
Furthermore, SUMOylation is implicated in beta cell survival and recovery following exposure to oxidative stress, ER stress and inflammatory mediators under pathological situations. SUMOylation is closely regulated by the cellular redox status, and it collaborates with other PTMs such as phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and NEDDylation, to maintain beta cellular homeostasis.
We hereby provide an update on recent findings regarding the role of SUMOylation in the regulation of pancreatic beta cell viability and function, and discuss its potential implication in beta cell senescence and RNA processing (e.g., pre-mRNA splicing and mRNA methylation). Through which we intend to provide novel insights into this fundamental biological process regarding both maintenance of beta cell viability and functionality, and beta cell dysfunction in diabetes mellitus.
To read the complete research article, go to Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology.